Part 2 : My response to an Atheist Essay!

“Beresh’it bara elohim et hashamayim vaet haeretz vahaeretz tohu bohu vahoshech al penie tehom veruach elohim merehephet al penie hamayim”
In translation:
“In the beginning God created the land and the sky and land was empty and uninhabitable and darkness was upon the face of the deep and the spirit (or wind) of God was hovering over the face of the waters.”
Thus literally begins one of the most debated passages of the Bible.
No matter if you believe the Earth is YOUNG or OLD as Geology suggests!
The Genesis creation account has been the source of great conflict between Christians and the Scientific Community, BUT that conflick believe it or not has NOT BEEN BECAUSE SCIENCE and the BIBLE DO NOT AGREE!
A similar conflict can be seen in church history between Science and the Catholic Church over cosmology. Evangelicals are especially susceptible to this conflict, where many people equate taking the Bible at face value to meaning taking the Bible “literally.”
Some are intent on preserving the credibility and historicity of scripture, BUT IN THEIR ZEAL THEY have misinterpreted and damaged its credibility substantially. God speaks through two books: scripture and nature. He does not contradict himself.
Unfortunately, the church as the “guardians of Truth” too many times ARE guilty of substituting their own “culturally situated” understandings of Scripture for the inherent word of God and failing to see the difference between the two.

Upholding the Authority of Scripture from the very first Hebrew Word
—————— A non-believer knows something about the earth, the heavens, and the other elements of the world, about the motion and orbit of the stars and even their size and related positions, about the predictable eclipses of the sun and the moon, cycles of the years and seasons, about the kinds of animals, shrubs, stones, and so forth and this knowledge he holds to as being certain from reason and experience.
Now, it is a disgraceful and dangerous thing for an infidel to hear a believer, presumably giving the meaning of Holy Scripture, talking nonsense on these topics; and we should take all means too prevent such an embarrassing situation, in which people show up vast ignorance in a believer and laugh it to scorn.
Augustine on the “literal” meaning of the Genesis Account. 12th Century A.D.
Simply put, evolution can be defined as the developing of new and complex forms of life, from simpler forms by natural processes rather than specific creation. 
God is thus replaced by Nature; and evolutionists claim that all the amazing diversities of life on the earth do not speak of His wonderful creative Power, but of chance! 
What they do NOT account for is the UNIVERSES PERFECT Fine Tuning? like to say that fine tuning cannot be proven by science, since we have only one universe to study. However, the discovery and quantification of dark energy has puzzled a number of scientists, who realize that its extremely small value requires that the initial conditions of the universe must have been extremely fine tuned in order that even matter would exist in our universe.
By chance, our universe would have been expected to consist of merely some thermal radiation.
How does this discovery impact atheists?
Those who favor naturalism had long sought to find the simplest explanation for the universe, hoping to avoid any evidence for design. 
A Big Bang model in which there was just enough matter to equal the critical density to account for a flat universe would have provided that. However, for many years, it has been evident that there is less than half of the amount of matter in the universe to account for a flat universe. 
A cosmological constant would provide an energy density to make up for the missing matter density, but would require an extreme amount of fine tuning.
The supernovae studies demonstrated that there was an energy density to the universe (but did not define the size of this energy density), and the recent Boomerang study demonstrated that this energy density is exactly what one would expect to get a flat universe. 
How finely tuned must this energy density be to get a flat universe? One part in 10120, which is:
1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000

Atheists’ reactions

Here is a quote from a recent article:
“This type of universe, however, seems to require a degree of fine tuning of the initial conditions that is in apparent conflict with ‘common wisdom’.”
Atheists see a conflict because this level of design is something that one would not expect by chance from a universe that began through a purely naturalistic mechanism or The construction of a machine, engine or instrument, intended to apply power to a useful purpose; the structure of parts, or manner in which the parts of a machine are united to answer its design. “Common wisdom” is common only to those who must exclude a supernatural explanation for the creation of the universe.
Yet another study confirms the polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation, left over from the Big Bang. The standard inflationary model predicted that the background radiation should be polarized when it interacted with matter, nearly 14 billion years ago. 
John Carlstrom, the S. Chandrasekhar Distinguished Service Professor in Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Chicago, announced the discovery and made the following admission:

“Polarization is predicted. It’s been detected and it’s in line with theoretical predictions. We’re stuck with this preposterous universe.”

Naturalism fails the test

In another article entitled,
“Disturbing Implications of a Cosmological Constant” from Stanford and MIT examined some of the “problems” associated with a cosmological constant. In their paper, they stated that the implications of a cosmological constant “lead to very deep paradoxes, which seem to require major revisions of our usual assumptions.” 
They admit that “there is no universally accepted explanation of how the universe got into such a special state” and that their study, “Far from providing a solution to the problem, we will be led to a disturbing crisis.” They also admit, “Some unknown agent initially started the inflation high up on its potential, and the rest is history.”
In examining problems with the cosmological constant, the authors are concerned that ultimate fate of the universe is complete entropy with all the matter and energy distributed over maximally expanded spacetime. They cite the ability of the universe to undergo “Poincare recurrences” as a possible “solution” to one of the “problems.” 
There is a certain theoretical possibility that after the universe is maximally expanded that it would come back together again into one point. Think of it like this. Let’s say you are in a room with air molecules randomly moving around in the room. There is a certain probability that the random motion of the molecules could cause all of them to travel to one corner of the room, leaving you in a complete vacuum.
Obviously, this would not be a good thing to happen, but it is possible, with an interval on the order of once every 1060 years. Since we only live 102 years in a universe that has been around for only 1010 years, it is practically impossible., what is the time it would take for a fully expanded universe to come back into a single point?
The authors calculate the value as e10120 years, which they comment “seems like an absurdly big time between interesting events, which, by comparison, last for a very short time.” Recent evidence suggests that even this estimate is very optimistic. 
Some scientists believe that the universe will be permanently destroyed within 22 billion years, with no possibility of reassembly. Robert Caldwell of Dartmouth College says that the dark energy of the universe is increasing at a rate that will rip the universe apart and even the atoms themselves.
However, it is the nature of inflation and the temperature of the universe that deeply concerns these cosmologists. This is what they have to say about the nature of our current universe, among all other possible universes:
“In all of these worlds statistically miraculous (but not impossible) events would be necessary to assemble and preserve the fragile nuclei that would ordinarily be destroyed by the higher temperatures.
However, although each of the corresponding histories is extremely unlikely, there are so many of them than those that evolve without “miracles,” that they would vastly dominate the livable universes that would be created by Poincare recurrences. 
We are forced to conclude that in a recurrent world like de Sitter space our universe would be extraordinarily unlikely.”
Appealing to possible alternative ways that the universe might have evolved do not make fine tuning untenable. In fact, the vast majority of possible universes would contain no matter at all – just energy! Here is what Dyson says about the probability that our universe would be the way it is:
“The vast majority of the space consists of states which are macroscopically “dead de Sitter;” that is, nearly empty de Sitter containing only some thermal radiation. A tiny subset of the states are anthropically acceptable, meaning that they contain complex structures such as stars and galaxies, and a very small subset of those are macroscopically indistinguishable from our universe (labeled MIFOU in the figure). 
Inflationary initial conditions occupy an even smaller fraction of the space. Trajectories which pass through the inflationary patch will almost always lead immediately to the MIFOU region, “mixing” into it in a “porous,” phase-space-area-preserving manner. The vast majority of the points in the MIFOU region did not come from inflation, but rather from unstable trajectories originating in the dead region.
Finally, any trajectory in the dead region will remain there almost all of the time, but will enter the anthropically acceptable region, and very much more rarely the MIFOU region, and almost never the inflationary region. Therefore, livable universes are almost always created by fluctuations into the “miraculous” states discussed above.”
WELL THE PROBLEM THEY HAVE IS “SPIRITUAL IN NATURE NOT MENTAL”, THUS NO MATTER HOW IMPOSSIBLE THE ANSWER IS, THE HARDER THEY FIGHT THE RESULTS!’s a great riddle for ya! Who FIRST started Atheism? Was there a Cave-Man or Women, somewhere in the world who first thought ‘There are no gods?’, or was this idea INVENTED by Satan himself?
DID you know that if you make an endeavor to find out when and by whom atheism was authored you will not be able to find such information from any source? Not even the most “educated” atheists – particularly those associated with the most elite universities throughout the world can truthfully inform you when and by whom atheism originated. They can enlighten you as to who were its main perpetrators in different cultures; but they cannot identify its founder and when it actually originated.
The absence of a known author and time of origin of such a highly embraced philosophy is a strange phenomenon. But this phenomenon is highly indicative. It suggests that atheism is not of earthly origin – that it had its birth in another sphere before this state of time.
Atheism is not a man-made doctrine but a doctrine of the demons. Its originator is none other than the old serpent himself, namely, Satan. It had its origin from the very one it deceptively denies exists.
It is a doctrine which denies the authorship and existence of its own author! This accounts for absence of information in any literature embraced by atheists that identify both a human author and earthly time of origin for atheism.
If Satan is not the author of atheism, I hereby challenge the most educated and capable of them to prove that Satan is not its author and prove that it had an earthly origin.This may be the hardest thing any Atheist will ever do is to solve it’s own origin problem! Are they going to say that it began when the age of reason began?
Were human beings that stupid before that time, millions upon millions of people and not one Atheist? That’s just Unreasonable to think that no Atheism existed before their chosen few made it famous, there must have been a few Atheist cave around surely?

Prophetic Time-Line for the Historicist means this:…….. Historicist explanation of the time times and half time, and other time prophecies in Daniel and the Revelation.

Read her blog posts here
A day for a Year
Of Calendars and Kings
Babylonian Calendar 
No two ancient kingdoms used the same method of keeping track of time.  Some used a Solar calendar, some used a Lunar Calendar, and some used a Stellar or Sidereal Calendar. on who was in charge and what things were important to the kingdom dictated how their calendar was made up.  Most calendars started in the spring, but not all.  In order to perpetuate the myth that the king was a god, great pains would be taken to know when a certain star or constellation might ascend or decline.  One could become rich if one were able to ascertain this kind of information for the king.
Egyptian Calendar
Egyptian Calendar
Roman Calendar
Roman Calendar
It was not until Pope Gregory XIII, in 1582, that a reliable method of time keeping was devised.  Roman Catholic countries adopted the Gregorian calendar immediately by order of the Pope. countries, being naturally suspicious of the Pope, did not readily accept the calendar but did slowly follow suit over the next two hundred years.  
They understood he was the anti-christ fulfilling prophecy by changing times [Dan 7:25], but begrudgingly realized that it was more accurate than the pagan Julian calendar they were using.   This is why people like George Washington and Beethoven will have two birthdays listed; they were born in the year their country changed over to the Gregorian calendar.

Note: Pope Gregory XIII also made a significant change in first century dating by “losing” the six years that astronomers had determined the calendars were off by.   See End Note: Soli-Lunar Cycles

Fortunately, throughout time, God has provided men with the ability to solve these difficult problems and they have been successful in matching up all the different calendars coming up with accurate dates in antiquity.  These dates were compiled by the great chronologist of history; Sir Isaac Newton, Clinton, Laplace, James Bowman Lindsay, Wiseler, Benson, Brown, Mann, Ideler, Biachini, Sanclemeti, etc.  Since the purpose of Biblical Prophecy is to foretell history, the interpretation and fulfillment must fit within the boundaries of generally recognized historical chronologies.

M. de Cheseaux

FYI: During the mid 1700’s a Swiss astronomer and chronologist, M. Jean Philippe Loys de Cheseaux (published 1754), while attempting to fix the date of Christ’s crucifixion discovered four soli-lunar epacts (reconciliation of solar and lunar calendars) previously unknown to astronomers. were discovered by examining the 1260 day/yr, 1290 day/yr, 1335 day/yr, and the 2300 day/yr prophecies in the book of Daniel and using recently invented telescopes and accurate timepieces.  M. de Cheseaux found a near perfect method of harmonizing the lunar, solar, and sidereal calendars that reconciles them to one another.   He determined that every 1260 years the sun and moon align within 5 minutes, allowing the calendars to reconcile.  Needless, to say, M. de Cheseaux’s work points to the obvious, that our Creator is the perfect and complete historian and that the stars do give signs.  The 30 days and additional 45 days of Daniel Chapter 12 are required to harmonize the calendars.

Times Explained
Day for a Year
The Historicist views that a day set forth in prophecy denotes a year in history. This understanding comes from studying numerous scriptures that point to the symbolic use of days and weeks to denote years.
  • “At that very hour some Pharisees came, and said to him, get away from here, for Herod wants to kill you.  And he said to them, “Go and tell that fox, ‘Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I finish my course.  Nevertheless, I must go on my way today and tomorrow and the day following; for it cannot be that a prophet should perish away from Jerusalem.” Luke 13:32

Notice He says, “ I have today, tomorrow, and the next day” (the third day He His goal) Christ’s ministry lasted 3 1/2 years by counting the Passovers in the gospels. [John 2:13; 6:4; 18:39]  This is a day for a year.

  • They refused to go into the land after the spies came back with a terrifying report.  For their unbelief, they were kept out of the land 40 years, a year for every day they had been spying.   [Num 14:1-38]
  • “Then lie upon your left side, and I will lay the punishment of the house of Israel upon you; for the number of the days that you lie upon it, you shall bear their punishment; For I assign to you a number of days, three hundred and ninety days, equal to the number of the years of their punishment; so long shall you bear the punishment of the house of Israel.  And when you have completed these, you shall lie down a second time, but on your right side, and bear the punishment of the house of Judah; forty days I assign you, a day for each year.  And you shall set your face toward the siege of Jerusalem, with your arm bared; and you shall prophesy against the city.  And, behold, I will put cords upon you, so that you cannot turn from one side to the other, till you have completed the days of your siege.” Ezek 4:4-8
Ezekiel chapter 4 records the symbolic act of the prophet laying on each of his sides as being one day for each year of their punishment.  After the reign of Solomon the kingdom had divided into separate nations, Israel in the north and Judah in the south.  Ezekiel lies on his left side 390 days for Israel and on his right side 40 days for Judah.   
Each day equals one year of judgment.
A Year or a Time Equals 360 Days
A Historicist views that a year or a time in prophecy is the equivalent of a 360-day year.   Studying numerous scriptures and having an understanding of the historical grammatical interpretation leads this understanding.
  • Noah’s year was 360 days long:    [Gen 7:11, 17,24; 8:3-6]
  1. Noah entered the Ark in the second month on the 17th day.

  1. The waters abated in the seventh month on the seventeenth day.

  1. The waters had prevailed for a total of 150 days.

  1. This breaks down to five months of 30 days each.

  1. Conclusion:  If each month is 30 days and there are 12 month in a year; then Noah’s year  would be 360 days.  The story of Noah is the only place in the Bible where the length of a month is defined.
  • In ancient Babylon and Egypt, a “time” or year of 360 days was based on the sidereal or the elliptical path of the stars.  Astronomers determined 12 months of 30 days each made up a year of 360 even days.  It did not follow the solar cycle, and had to be reconciled to the solar year by the addition of 5 days at the end of each year. Daniel lived in Babylon when he wrote the prophecy.
  1. Archeological evidence exists that the Egyptians and Chinese also used a calendar of 360 days as early as 4000 BC.

  1. The Babylonian astronomers, of whose science Daniel would have been most familiar, followed the Egyptian use of a 360-day calendar.  The calendar was reconciled with an extra month every time they realized they were off.
Times Used in Prophecy
God’s covenant with Israel is found in the books of Moses or the Books of the Covenant. His for them was that they would have an intimate relationship, if they would be faithful and do all that He asked, keep my Sabbaths and reverence my sanctuary. [Lev 25:55-26:18]  If they were faithful they would never want for anything, no enemy would harm them and there would always be food.
Every seventh day was a day of rest, a Sabbath.
Every seventh year the Lord commanded the Israelites to set aside and rest the land as unto the Lord.  [Lev 25:1-7]  This is called the Sabbatical year for the land.
Every forty-nine years there would be a Jubilee Year (the 50th year also the 1st year) wholly set aside unto the Lord.  Slaves were to be set free, land was to be returned to its original owner, and no crops were to be planted.  [Lev 25:8-34]
However, if they were not faithful, Israel would be punished for disobedience with specified consequences.   Four times Moses repeated that their chastisement would be for seven times[Lev 26:18, 21, 24, 28]  Wild beast would take their children and animals, armies would invade, there would be famine, and the land would become desolate until the land had enjoyed its Sabbaths.
Israel failed to keep the covenant.
  • They worshipped the golden calf early in their exile from Egypt.  [Ex. 32:7-35] In Shittim
  • The people played the harlot with the daughters of Moab and worshipped Moab’s gods   [Num.25:1-18]
  • They refused to go into the land after the spies came back with a terrifying report.  For their unbelief, they were kept out of the land 40 years, a year for every day they had been spying.   [Num 14:1-38]
  • Israel continued in idolatry constantly going after Ashtaroth and Baal.  [Judg 2:11, 10:13; I Sam 7:3-4, 12:10; I King 11:5, 33 to name just a few] God remembers their disobedience and judgment or the sudden terror led them into the Babylonian captivity that lasted for 70 years.  [Jer 29:10]
  • Israel failed to keep the entire covenant, specifically Jubilees, upon returning to the land. “And if in spite of this you will not hearken to me, then I will chastise you again SEVEN TIMES for your sins.” [Lev 26:18] In Lev 26:18, 21, 24, and 28 the Lord repeats four times that various calamities would befall Israel seven times for their sins.  The sword, pestilence, and famine would follow them and ultimately Israel would be scattered among the nations, leaving the land to rest in desolation for its Sabbaths.
  • Since then Israel has always been under foreign domination. Moses’ final message to Israel found in Deuteronomy 29:16 – 30:10 warns that they would be scattered among the nations until a final restoration.  The final restoration will not take place until after the duration of seven times, or 7 x 360 = 2520 years of Sabbath rest. [Luke 21:24, Dan 4:32]
The Gentile King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had conquered Judah, by 606BC.

Nebuchadnezzar, a youth, was taken captive along with others from Judah to Babylon as part of God’s 70 year redemption for the land.  Trained by the Chaldean’s in their language and culture, Daniel proved to be a wise counselor and gifted in the interpretation of dreams and visions.
Nebuchadnezzar’s relates a dream [Dan. 4:1-37] in which he is portrayed as a great tree, cut down for seven times”. This is significant to Nebuchadnezzar, as during his lifetime it was traditional to use the icon of a tree to represent the king.   It was called the Mystical Tree of Life.  At the thought of his tree, being cut down Nebuchadnezzar is understandably upset, as the cutting down of the king/tree was a sign for death.   
Daniel assures him that he will not die, only live like a beast for seven years.  Then he will come back fully restored knowing the God who rules all things.   Much relieved that he was not going to die, Nebuchadnezzar forgot the rest of the interpretation and when he least expected it God struck him down.
Nebuchadnezzar by William Blake

Nebuchadnezzar by William Blake
Nebuchadnezzar’s bestial character typifies the bestial prophecy of Dan 7 in which Nebuchadnezzar was both the ruling head and representative of their character. [Dan 2:37-38]   These gentile empires were ignorant of God, and idolatrous persecutors of the people of God.  However, at the end of his punishment, he acknowledged the Most High. praised and blessed the one who lives forever.   This infers that these bestial kingdoms will some day acknowledge God. [Isa 45:23; Rom 14:11; Phil 2:10-11]    Just as his bestial character typifies the bestial kingdoms the seven years typifies the seven times that the bestial kingdoms would reign.  So, these kingdoms will rule over God’s people for 2520 years, typically called the Times of the Gentiles. [Lk 21:24]
The Times of the Gentiles 2520 Years
It is the viewpoint of the Historicist that the usage of SEVEN TIMES in prophetic language determines the length of times for the gentile reign and punishment of Israel for the breaking of the covenants.  In addition, they view seven times to be equivalent to 360 years times 7, for a total of 2520 years.  This constitutes the FULL TIMES OF THE GENTILES.  This punishment for breaking Sabbath covenants is to end when the Holy People are no longer trodden down. [Dan 8:13]
Determining a “start” date is not as easy as it sounds.  Does one begin with Nabonassar as the first gentile kingdom represented by the Head of Gold, or with Nebuchadnezzar who is told by that he is the head of gold?   Only in the completion of the prophecy does the time frame become clearer.
Reconciling Sidereal, Lunar and Solar Calendars:
  • Today we use a solar calendar of 365.25 days. The solar calendar is based on the hypothetical motion of the sun.  The .25 day is handled by the addition of an extra day every four years.
  • The Jews use a lunar calendar of 354 days.   This is 11 days short and after approximately 3 years it is necessary to add a month in order to catch up to solar time.
  • Astronomers, Navigators, and Farmers use a Sidereal calendar of 360 days.  This is the length of Noah’s year as recorded in the Bible. [Gen. 7:11-24, 8:2-4]  A Sidereal calendar is measured by the apparent motion of fixed stars.   
  • Today a sidereal day is the interval between two successive transits of the first point of Aries over the upper meridian of any place, equal to 23 hrs 56 min 4.09 sec of mean solar time.  A sidereal day has 24 sidereal hours, each of 60 sidereal minutes, each minute of 60 sidereal seconds.   A Sidereal calendar is adjusted via charts according to the movement of the sun. Another consideration, when reckoning time-periods is that it is not always possible to assign a single date.  More often than not, there is a period of time leading up to an “era or epoch” and a period of time coming out of an era.  We do not have exact dates for the beginning of the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, or the Modern Age.  The same is often true of events in antiquity.

The Biblical prophetic seven times is equal to 2520 years.  When working with lunar years, in order to adjust to our solar calendar, 2520 will be equivalent to only 2442 solar years.   Likewise, 2520 sidereal years are equivalent to only 2484 solar years.
The day Nabonassar was crowned the first king of Babylon is the earliest possible starting date for the beginning of the bestial kingdoms, February 26, 747BC.
Ω  747 – 539 BC                    Babylonian Empire (Gold)
Ω  539 – 334 BC                    Medio-Persian Empire (Silver)
Ω  334 – 65 BC                      Greek Empire (Bronze)
Ω  65 BC – 476 AD               Pagan Roman Empire (Iron)
Ω  476 AD – Today              Roman Empire (Iron and Clay – the ten kingdoms)
“Seven times” equals 2520 solar years.
2520 lunar years is equivalent to 2442 solar years.
2520 sidereal years is 2484 solar years.
X                                   2520 YEARS                                   X
Lunar: 747 BC —————————– 476 AD —————————- 1689 AD
Nabonassar  crowned                          fall of Rome                           Treaty of Carlowitz
1st king of Babylon
Solar: 747   ——————————————————————- 1774 AD
Nabonassar crowed                                                                        Accession of Louis XVI
1st king of Babylon                                                                                  Era of Retribution  *
Solar: 723  ———————————————————— 1798
Samaria 1st besieged by                                                                   Napoleon 1st
Shalmaneser                                                                            Counsel of the Republic
Solar: 675/6   ——————————————————-   1844
Esarhaddon invaded Israel                                                      edict of Toleration  **
Lunar: 587     ————————————————-        1860***
Fall of Jerusalem                                                          Lebanon under Christian Govt.
Syrian Massacres occurred brought in European intervention
Solar: 605     ——————————————————-    1915
Nebuchadnezzar makes Judah a Tributary                                  World War I
Solar: 604     ——————————————————-    1917
WWI Belfore Declaration
Solar: 598      ——————————————————-     1923
Birth of Cyrus the Persian                                                      last Caliph dies
Ezekiel taken to Babylon
Solar: 587     ———————————————————   1934
Final fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadnezzar                            election of Hitler
Solar: 587     —————————————————–         1934****
Fall of Judah & Jerusalem                                                  British mandate for Palestine
Liberating Israel from all Turkish rule.
* The “Era of Retribution” begins with the death of Louis XV and the ascension of Louis XVI on the same day. Followed a few years later by the French Revolution, which culminated in the loss temporal Papal power.  If we bisect this period (747BC – 1774AD) we arrive at 533AD and the decree of the Roman Emperor Justinian making the Bishop of Rome the head of all the “Holy Churches” and all the holy priests of God.
** 1844 The edict of Toleration stated “The Sublime Porte engages to take effectual measures to prevent henceforward the execution and putting to death of the Christian who is an apostate.  Henceforward neither shall Christianity be insulted in my dominions, nor shall Christians be in any way persecuted for their religion.”
*** During the reign of the last king of Judah (Zedekiah), in 587BC the last group of captives were taken to Babylon and Jerusalem fell.  Measuring from 587BC to 1860AD the Syrian Massacres occurred and brought in European intervention, which was the beginning of the end of the Ottoman Empire.   If we bisect the SEVEN TIMES or 1260 lunar years, we arrive at the capture of Jerusalem by Omar in 637AD.   
A few years later the Mosque of Omar or Dome of the Rock was built on the Temple site.
**** Measuring from 587BC the year Jerusalem fell, brings us to 1934AD the year of the British Mandate for Palestine. Liberating Israel from all Turkish rule 14 years later in 1948AD, Israel was free and independent.
Time, Times and a Half-time, or 1260 yrs
The Full Time of the Gentiles covers a period of 2520 years or seven times during which Israel Judah are dispersed among the nations and the Holy People are trodden down. [Lev 26; Dan 4:32; Ps 102:13, Rom 11:25-27]  
The beast kingdoms of Babylon, Medio-Persia, and Greece, give way to Rome, the fourth and terrifying beast.  With the entrance of Rome we have a complete description of the full times of the gentiles (3 1/2 times + 3 1/2 times = seven times) over God’s people until the complete destruction of the last beast.
In the year 605 BC the people of Judah first lost their independence and became subject to Babylon and Daniel was taken into captivity. [II Kings 24:10]   Now, from the first deportation in 605BC to the first edict by Cyrus in 536BC [Ezra 1:2], for the Israelites to go back into their land and rebuild Jerusalem, was a total of 70 years.   
The duration of the entire Babylonian Empire from Nabonassar in 747BC to its capture by Cyrus in 538BC was 210 years.  210 is divisible by 3 equal 70.  This means the Babylonian Captivity of the Jews occurred during the finale one third (or 70 years) of the Empires reign.  The 210 years is also seven prophetic months, 30 times 7 equals 210.  So ancient Babylon lasted seven such months.
Now John is taken into the throne room in heaven and sees the Lamb that was slain (Jesus Christ) opening the sealed scroll that finishes the prophecy and clearly identifies the last half of the seven times.  The description of Daniel’s fourth beast allows us a comparison with the characteristics of the beast out of the sea in The Revelation, in order to properly identify the beast out of the sea.  Both of these beasts describe the civil or political Roman Empire. Revelation explains that Spiritual Babylon will lasts six times as long [Rev 11:2; 13:5] as the Kingdom of Babylon lasted.  So that 6 times 7 equals 42 and 42 times 30 equal 1260 years.  During this second period of 1260 years, the symbolic temple (believers) is to be trodden under foot. (also ½ of the 2520 Times of the Gentiles or the seven times) (see; Approaching the End of the Age,  Guinness pg 413-415)  This means that two time-periods of 1260 years have been given to make up the total of 2520 years.  [Dan 12:7; Rev 11:3, Rev 12:6]
The first 1260 years covers the reign of the pagan empires of Babylon, Medio-Persia, Greece and The Roman Empire.  At the mid point of the seven times or 2520 years The Revelation describes the fall of the Roman Empire and its reappearance as the Kingdom of Iron (Rome civil) and Clay (Rome religious).  
This is the second half of the 2520 years and the second time-period of 1260 years.  The reign of the twin apostate horns of Daniel 7 and 8 are during this time-period.  They are given until the end of the Times of the Gentiles to plague God’s people.
Just as there were two Roman Empires, Eastern and Western, there are two different starting periods when figuring the bisecting period of the 2520 years.  This bisection era spanning 160 years is well marked by two unquestionable events; one event for each half of the Roman Empire.
Please Note: All lunar and sidereal years have been adjusted to solar years.

747BC                      +    1260 lunar years  =               476AD

Crowning of Nabonassar                                                                                          Fall of Rome (to the day deposition of Romulus Augustulus
602BC                                            +     1260 lunar years   =                        622AD
overthrow of                                                                                                     Hegira
Jehoiakim by Nebuchadnezzar                    (the beginning of the Mohammedan calendar)
587BC                                        1260 lunar years                                   637AD
Nebuchadnezzar’s destruction of Jerusalem       Omar/Saracen conquest of Jerusalem
Western Empire the beginning of the Times of the Gentiles to the demise of the Roman Empire, covers a period of 1260 years, the first period of time, times and a half-time (3 1/2 times). Papal Power arose dominating the second half of the seventimes or second period of time, times and a half-time. [Dan 12:7; Rev 11:3,  Rev 12:6]
1260 years of Papal Power
Western Empire
Solar: 533 AD   ———————————————————-  1793 AD
Edict of Justinian                                                                      Regicide and Reign of Terror
Lunar: 533      ———————————————————–     1755
Decree which made the                                                   Beginning of French Revolution
Bishop of Rome the head of the church               (1755 by lunar, 1774 by calendar, and 1793 by solar)
all important initial dates of the French Revolution.
Sidereal: 533      ———————————————————     1774
Accession of Louis XVI
Sidereal: 590      ———————————————————     1849
First Pope proper                                                           Pope loses temporal authority
Pope Gregory the Great Sept. 3                                    Feb 8th Roman Republic declaired
Solar: 607      ————————————————————     1867
Decree of Phocas                                                     Papal overthrow / Austria vs Prussia
Confirming the primacy of the see of Rome over all church            battle at Sadowa
3 great overthrows of Papal power
(1830 by lunar, 1848-49 by calendar, 1866-70  by solar)
Lunar: 607      ————————————————————     1830
Papal overthrow /  Abdication of Charles X
Sidereal: 607      ———————————————————-   1848-9
Papal overthrow / Revolution
Solar: 610      —————————————————————     1870
Emperor Phocas at Constantinople                                           Pope’s temporal power lost
conceding to the Pope
headship over all Christendom
Solar: 663      —————————————————————     1923
Laterizing decree of Vitalian                                                                        Mussolini
All church service shall be held in Latin
Eastern Empire
 From the beginning of the Times of the Gentiles to the rise of Islam, covers a period of 1260 or time, times and a half-time (3 1/2 times) or one half of the seven times. The second half of the seventimes or time, times and a half-time, 1260 years, brings us to the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the restoration of Israel to the Jews. [Dan 12:7; Rev 11:3, Rev 12:6]
1260 years of Mohammedan Power
Eastern Empire
Lunar: 622 AD ——————————————————- 1844 AD
Hegira                                             Ottomans compelled to stop / edict of religious toleration
Solar: 622     ———————————————————–   1882
1st settlement reestablished in Israel
Lunar: 637    ————————————————————   1859
Omar captures Jerusalem                                           Turkey proclamation of equal rights
Dome of the Rock was built on the Temple site
Solar: 637    ————————————————————–   1897
Turkey lost Crete to Britain
Sidereal: 637    ———————————————————– 1877-78
Berlin congruence
English Protectorate of Asia Minor
Time Set for the Desolation
And from the time that the continual burnt offering is taken away, and the abomination that makes desolate is set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.” Dan 12:11 believe, that in prophetic language, whenever the phrase abomination that makes desolate is used it means some kind of idol set up in the Temple.  
This is not so! 
In Daniel there are three different times that a variation of this phrase is used.
à  The first one in Dan 8:13-14 is concerning the little horn of the Greek Goat and can only be fulfilled by the Eastern Empire.  Therefore, we must look to the East for something that will trample (persecution) the host for 2300 years.  From the first Seleucid in 313BC to the end of the Ottoman Empire in 1919/20AD is 2300 lunar years.
à  The second, Dan 9:26-27, speaks of armies and is about the destruction of Jerusalem in 70AD.  This is the same desolation that Matt 24:15, Mark 13:14, and Luke 21:20 speak of.
Neither of these desolations speaks to a literal idol or icon that is set up in the Temple.   For one thing, after 70AD there is no Temple in which to set up an idol. 
The prophecy says that this desolation will take place for 1260 years plus 30 more years.  Yes is a pagan temple (Dome of the Rock) set up maybe on the site of the original Temple but there is no physical Temple there.  However, in the New Testament we are told that it is the believers who are the Temple of God and he will dwell, through His Spirit, in them.
The only abomination that has lasted for 1260 years, or 2520 years etc. is that abomination that has been set up in the hearts of man.  The Mystery Religion in the forms of pagan worship, the Roman Church, and Islam have permeated first Israel and then the True Church of God in such insidious ways that she does not even know it. She has become the vessel in which it continues to live on, until the Holy One returns and destroys it completely, once and for all.
à  Dan 12:11 is merely speaking to the second 1260 years of the seventimes and has added an additional 30 years for the abomination that has corrupted man’s heart and doctrine to retain some kind of authority.   Dan 12:12 says, “blessed is he who waits, and comes to the 1335 days”.  This is yet another additional time of 45 years.  Together there is a total of 75 years added to the 1260 years and the seventimes.
Let there be no mistake, there is no mention in Daniel 12 of what is to take place after the 2520 years, second 1260 years, and the additional 75 years.  Many have considered this a reference to the onset of a millennial reign or the Second Coming of Christ, but this cannot be.  It is only a time reference for the end of the abomination.  It does not say what comes next!
360 Years for the Angel’s Oath or in other words The Shiny Dude
The man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the stream, raised his right hand and left hand toward heaven; and I heard him swear by him who lives forever that it would be for a time, two times, and half a time; and that when the shattering of the power of the holy people comes to an end all these things would be accomplished. 
I heard, but I did not understand. Then I said, “O my lord, what shall be the issue of these things?”   He said, “Go your way, Daniel, for the words are shut up and sealed until the time of the end.   
Many shall purify themselves, and make themselves white, and be refined; but the wicked shall do wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand; but those who are wise shall understand.    And from the time that the continual burnt offering is taken away, and the abomination that makes desolate is set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.
Blessed is he who waits and comes to the thousand three hundred and thirty-five days.    But go your way till the end; and you shall rest, and shall stand in your allotted place at the end of the days.” Dan 12:7-14
Then I saw another mighty angel coming down from heaven, wrapped in a cloud, with a rainbow over his head, and his face was like the sun, and his legs like pillars of fire.   He had a little scroll open in his hand. And he set his right foot on the sea, and his left foot on the land, and called out with a loud voice, like a lion roaring; when he called out, the seven thunders sounded.
And when the seven thunders had sounded, I was about to write, but I heard a voice from heaven saying, “Seal up what the seven thunders have said, and do not write it down.”   And the angel whom I saw standing on sea and land lifted up his right hand to heaven and swore by him who forever and ever, who created heaven and what is in it, the earth and what is in it, and the sea and what is in it, that there should be no more delay, but that in the days of the trumpet call to be sounded by the seventh angel, the mystery of God, as he announced to his servants the prophets, should be fulfilled.”  
Rev 10:1-7 
It is evident that The Oath Taker in both references is the same, the Son of God Himself.  To Daniel it is announced; that the events which had just been predicted would occupy a time, times, and a half, and then the time of the Gentiles would be finished.   To John it is announced; after the Sixth Trumpet of judgment has been blown, and has failed to bring an apostate church to repentance, that not one single time remained.  After the Sixth Trumpet there is less than a “time” (360 yrs) left to complete the judgment of the Bowls.
360 Years, or final “time” of the Angel’s oath
1510AD ———————————————————- 1870AD
Luther teaches “the Just live by faith”             Independence of Italy / Papal Infallibility
First immigration of Jews to Palestine (see Zionists)
1517  —————————————————————-  1877
Luther’s  95 Thesis                                               A converted Jew, Samuel Schereschewsky
translated the Bible into Mandarin Chinese
1529   —————————————————————-   1889
Dicta (court) of Spires                                                               “The Ralliement”  *
1555   —————————————————————–   1915
Confession of Augsburg (religious freedom)                   World War I  Beginnings
1563AD —————————————————————- 1923AD
End of the Council of Trent                       Palestine mandate ratified by League of Nations
1572AD —————————————————————– 1932AD
St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre                                                Hitler’s election
1648AD —————————————————————— 2008AD
End of The Thirty Years’ War                                                                    Possible Seventieth Jubile
* General George Boulanger won a striking victory in Paris.  But he did not march on Elyse’e Palace, and made himself dictator.  He later died in exile.  The Boulanger fiasco was a blow to Monarchist and their ally, the Church of Rome.  Pope Leo XIII, discouraged by the failures of the monarchist, turned to a policy of reconciliation “The Ralliement”.  
This was motivated by the popes desire to secure French aid for the solution of the Roman question.